• Every injury is unique. Every person’s situation is different. But no matter if your goal is to get back on the playing field or recover from surgery, we have the experience and know-how to design the most effective rehabilitation program for you. Our State registered Physiotherapists use up-to-date on the latest therapy practices and techniques. So you can rest assured you’re receiving the best care available.

    • Electrotherapy is a broad term encompassing any technique in which electricity is used for medicinal purposes. Physiotherapists have been using electrotherapy as one of many treatment tools with which these healthcare professionals can provide a comprehensive and personalised rehabilitation plan. 

      How does electrotherapy work

      As with all physio treatments, electrotherapy is used with other protocols to achieve the best results. These include for example resistance exercises, massage, and hot and cold therapies. Electrotherapy can be delivered in one of many ways depending on the patient involved and what the therapist deems appropriate based on their assessment.

      Most commonly electrotherapy works by using electricity to deliver pain relief by means of electrical techniques, examples of different forms of electrotherapy include:

      • Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) – Applies a current by means of electrodes through your skin to stimulate the nerves beneath and hence trigger the release of your body’s natural pain relieving mechanisms. 
      • Ultrasound – While not technically an electrotherapeutic technique, ultrasound is considered in this category. The technique utilises high frequency sound waves to deliver energy to cells and improve tissue regeneration by basically up-regulating their function.
      • Pulsed Shortwave Therapy – Uses an electrical and magnetic field to stimulate the repair of ionic tissue like muscles by restoring normal membrane potentials and hence improving the flow of essential nutrients and ions in and out of the cell.
      • Laser Therapy – A focussed beam of high energy light is passed into the target issue to stimulate tissue repair and reduce inflammation, while also acting to recruit immune cells and hence enhance the body’s natural immune response.
      • Interferential Therapy (IFT) – Is not unlike TENS in that it involves applying a current to achieve its ends. IFT however is used to penetrate more deeply, relieving pain and also stimulating muscular repair.

      The use of these electrotherapies in physiotherapy

      Electrotherapy is another tool at your physio’s disposal, and one they will use at their discretion based on their assessment and your progress. Different forms of electrotherapy are suitable for different conditions. Ultrasound therapy for example is more suited to the treatment of damage to collagen dense structures like tendons and ligaments.

    • This is high frequency sound waves which are used to treat injuries to muscles, tendons and soft tissues. The sound waves pass through the skin causing the tissues in the affected area to vibrate. This helps to improve blood flow to the injured site and increase the breakdown of scar tissue. In this way, Ultrasound helps to decrease pain and encourage the healing process.

    • This involves the passing of two currents through the tissues. Where the currents intersect a new current is set up. These currents can activate the pain gate mechanism to help relieve pain or can work directly on nerve fibres causing endorphin release. If you are suffering from severe pain we may use this type of electrotherapy to be able to achieve the maximum benefits from our manual therapy. These currents can also cause muscle contraction which in turn will cause a local increase in fluid flow and exchange.

    • Laser therapy is used to augment traditional physiotherapeutic techniques like massage and exercise. Advancements in technology have made delivering the treatment quick, efficient, and safe, particularly at the lower wavelengths of light used in this capacity. In general terms your we might recommend laser treatment for chronic pain issues and for wound healing, both of which are areas in which the technique’s efficacy has been proven.

    • Manual therapy basically means ‘hands-on’ physiotherapy treatment and as a term can be used to describe a broad range of treatments including but not limited to joint manipulation, joint mobilisation, soft tissue massage, and muscle energy techniques. 

      Physiotherapy specialists at our clinic are able to manipulate or mobilise your joints in the same way that a Chiropractor or Osteopath would if it something that they feel you need.  The most important question you should ask yourself though is why does it need manipulating in the first place?  Cracking joints is easy - making you feel like you don’t need cracking is the real trick. 

      Many problems requiring physiotherapy are at least in part due to some restriction of movement, and the basic premise of manual therapy is to make something that doesn’t move enough move more, i.e. to ‘loosen it up’. This can either be a joint or soft tissue.

      The human body is an amazingly adaptable piece of machinery. Restriction of movement in one region of the body, e.g. due to joint stiffness or soft tissue tightness, can often be compensated for by the development of extra (but excessive) movement in an adjacent region. Unfortunately this excessive movement often leads to overstrain/ overload of tissues and pain. 

      This is especially evident in the spine where due to the large number of joints between adjacent vertebrae there is tremendous scope for the development of these harmful compensatory movements. 
      Manual therapy techniques can ‘free up’ these restrictions, thereby lessening the body’s need to use these harmful compensatory movements as a body region can move as it was originally intended to.

    • Acupuncture is one of the many skills employed within physiotherapy as part of an integrated approach to the management of pain and inflammation. Physiotherapists base their treatments on scientific research and clinical evidence that Acupuncture can reduce pain by stimulating the brain and spinal cord to produce natural pain-relieving chemicals such as endorphins, melatonin (which promotes sleep) and serotonin (to promote well-being), to name but a few. These chemicals assist the body's healing processes and offer pain relief as a precursor to other treatments such as manual therapy or exercise in order to aid recovery.

      Acupuncture forms part of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). This ancient system of medicine dates back as far as 1000 years BC and is based on a holistic concept of treatment which regards ill health as a manifestation of imbalance in the body’s energy. Re-establishing a correct balance is the aim of TCM. Energy is referred to as Qi, (pronounced chee) and is described in terms of Yin energy – quiet and calm and Yang energy –vigorous and exciting. They are complementary opposites and in health exist in a dynamic but balanced state in the body. Practitioners of TCM believe that stimulating certain Acupuncture points on the body can help to restore the balance between Yin and Yang that becomes disturbed in illness.

      We combine TCM principles with scientific evidence as a means of reducing pain and promoting healing, always with the aim of enhancing physiotherapy treatments such as exercise and rehabilitation techniques to promote recovery and improve quality of life.

      There are several techniques for applying acupuncture and these are described below:

      Conventional acupuncture

      Conventional acupuncture involves the use of single-use, pre-sterilised disposable needles of varying widths, lengths and materials that pierce the skin at the acupuncture points. The physiotherapist will determine the locations of these points on the basis of an assessment of the cause of the imbalance. A number of needles may be used during each treatment, and these are typically left in position for between 20 and 30 minutes before being removed.

      Trigger point acupuncture may also be used to facilitate relaxation in specific muscles following traumas, for longer-term unresolved muscle pain, or as a means of increasing muscle length in order to aid stretch and rehabilitation. In the latter case, the needle is inserted into the affected muscle until the tissue is felt to relax under the needle, which is then removed. Trigger point needling often produces an effect much more quickly, and therefore, does not require the 20–30-minute treatment time.


      In acupressure treatment, physiotherapists use their hands to activate acupuncture or trigger points in order to relievemuscle tightness, or to stimulate Qi flow and balance the body. It is a healing art in which the fingers are applied to key acupuncture points. The amount of pressure used varies according to the condition and requires trained, sensitive hands. It is often used to treat patients who are sensitive, those with a phobia of needles, children and frail people.

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